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Failure to yield to pedestrian tickets

New York Traffic Ticket Lawyers | Feifer & Greenberg » NYC Traffic Violations » New York Failure To Yield To A Pedestrian Ticket Lawyer

A NY failure to yield to a pedestrian ticket lawyer helps drivers in NYC accused of getting too close to pedestrians or striking them may be charged with a “failure to yield to a pedestrian” ticket. Failure to yield to pedestrian tickets are very common summonses. They happen particularly often in NYC, a city where millions of pedestrians and vehicles interact every day.  These tickets can carry fairly large fines. They can also add to your license points and affect your insurance costs.   NYS Vehicle and Traffic Law (VTL), §1151 “Failure to yield to a pedestrian,” is the most commonly cited section of law for this type of violation. In NYC, you may also be cited with §4-04(b) of the NYC Traffic Rules and Regulations or §19–190 of the NYC Administrative Code. The latter is a newer regulation that can be used for a typical “failure to yield to pedestrian” situation. It was enacted to give officers the option to charge a motorist with a misdemeanor if a pedestrian is struck by a vehicle, and it outlines specific penalties for related offenses. New York City law enforcement has an obvious need to discourage driving that poses a danger to pedestrians.  Pedestrian safety is a very important issue, and many drivers are far too aggressive around people who are just trying to cross road.  On the other hand, the laws protecting pedestrians can be enforced too aggressively. NYC yield to pedestrian laws don’t talk in specific terms regarding what “yielding” may be. Much is left up to the discretion of the enforcement officers, who aren’t perfect and may be prone to errors in judgement or mistaken perceptions.

At Feifer & Greenberg, we see many failure to yield to pedestrian tickets issued to drivers who did drive appropriately and safely around pedestrians yet were accused of dangerous maneuvers. If you have been issued a ticket related to any of the laws above, we can help you defend your case and seek a favorable outcome. Depending on the evidence available, our NY failure to yield to a pedestrian ticket lawyer may be able to get your charges reduced, dropped, or the associated penalties made less harsh. Schedule a free case evaluation regarding your failure to yield to pedestrian ticket when you call (888) 842-5384 or contact us online today.


Though failure to yield tickets are enforced through several different rules and statutes, they all have the same essential guidelines for vehicles:

  1. Vehicles must yield to all pedestrians at marked crosswalks where pedestrians receive the WALK signal.
  2. When there are no traffic signals in place, cars must still yield to pedestrians in the crosswalk.
  3. All intersections can count as unmarked crosswalks, meaning vehicles must yield to pedestrians crossing.
  4. Pedestrians can’t suddenly jump or run out from the sidewalk into the crosswalk in a manner which doesn’t give the driver a chance to yield.
  5. If you are approaching an intersection and see another car stopped at a crosswalk in the process of yielding to a pedestrian, do not pass this vehicle.
  6. Basically, pedestrians will always have the right of way at an intersection, marked crosswalk or not, except when facing do not walk signals. Elsewhere on the road, vehicles have the right of way.

Other Important things to note here:


Because there are so many different laws that can apply, it may be difficult to predict the exact fines and other penalties you may face unless you know the specific charges. Review your failure to yield to pedestrian ticket to see if your charges relate to a specific law, rule, or statute. Violations connected to NYS VTL §1112 can carry the following penalties:

Violations related to §19–190 of the NYC Administrative Code can carry the following penalties:


In the state of New York, a “pedestrian” is a person moving from place to place on their feet. A pedestrian may be walking, running or jogging on the sidewalk or roadway. According to state law, pedestrians:

The central goal of enforcing pedestrian and driver responsibilities is to reduce accidents and make traffic situations safer for everyone. Regardless of the letter of the law, drivers, pedestrians, officers, traffic attorneys and traffic court judges should all be on the same page about this. Even still, there may be situations where laws are enforced inappropriately or in response to flawed judgement/information. In these situations, it may be in your best interest to work with a NY failure to yield to a pedestrian ticket lawyer who can help you build a defense and seek the most optimal outcome for your case.


Pedestrian accidents are relatively rare in New York, but those that do occur are more likely to lead to injuries and deaths than the typical crash would.  According to 2018 statistics from the New York DMV’s Traffic Safety Statistical Repository (TSSR), just 3.6% of all accidents in the state involved a pedestrian. However, pedestrian injury crashes made up 12.4% of all injury crashes as a whole. Pedestrians are unprotected and thus of course Injuries are highly likely after an accident involving a pedestrian in New York, with an injury rate of 97.3 percent. Fortunately, fatal pedestrian accidents are relatively rare, with just 1.7% of pedestrian crashes leading to a fatality. TSSR data specific to the counties representing NYC’s Five Boroughs shows that 11,036 pedestrian accidents occured in 2018. Detailed statistics can be found below.

2018 Pedestrian Accident Data for NYC’s Five Boroughs
COUNTYTotal Pedestrian CrashesInjuriesDeathsProperty Damage Only
New York  (Manhattan)247224301824
Kings  (Brooklyn)360035533413
Richmond  (Staten Island)37637042
Source: https://www.itsmr.org/TSSR/


If a driver wants to argue that they are innocent of their charges, the burden of proof is on them. They will need evidence that the situation did not constitute a violation or did not warrant a citation because there was no legitimate danger posed to pedestrians. Common arguments a NY failure to yield to a pedestrian ticket lawyer can use for defendants include:

Generally speaking, issuing a failure to yield to pedestrian ticket is a judgment call by the officer who observed the supposed violation. They will need to ask themselves questions like: How fast is the vehicle going? How quickly is the pedestrian moving? How big is the intersection? What is the distance between pedestrian and vehicle? was there some eye contact or physical gesture exchanged between motorist and pedestrian? All of these judgements arguably come into play. An officer will typically only have to explain their reasoning if specific aspects of the event are in dispute. Defendants can request a hearing to dispute their charges with the officer present. They should be prepared to provide evidence, or else it comes down to your word against a police officer’s. Judges typically side with the officer in these situations.  Fortunately, Feifer & Greenberg has experience representing clients accused of failure to yield to pedestrians. We have presented strong evidence, including dashcam videos, demonstrating that the pedestrian was being reckless or that the officer’s recollection of events was flawed. While these defenses are available, you should always be cautious around pedestrians to prevent future tickets because you (a) hopefully don’t want to hit anyone and (b) don’t know how aggressively an officer may enforce these laws. So just be extremely cautious, and always err on the side of deferring to pedestrians. 


Why are so many tickets issued in NYC for failing to yield to a pedestrian?

The obvious answer is more cars and more pedestrians in a more confined space.  Beyond that, there has been a particular police push to eliminate pedestrian accidents and this has included some tweaks to the law, the procedure in court and most of all to the number of officers we see enforcing this violation.  The pedestrian laws are enforced very aggressively everywhere but particularly in NYC.

Do drivers have to yield to pedestrians at all times in NY?

Technically no, not at “all” times.  Pedestrians have the right of way when they are in crosswalks at intersections not controlled by any signals and they do when the signals are in favor of the pedestrians (green lights and possibly walk signals) at intersections that have signals.  Pedestrians crossing at the wrong places (mid-block, no crosswalks) or at the wrong times (signals are against them or they just sprint in front of a car even when they have the right of way) don’t have the right of way.

Should I fight my ticket for failing to yield to a pedestrian?

A fail to yield to pedestrian summons in NY is a three-point ticket and it’s certainly possible a conviction could affect insurance rates.  There general rule of thumb is to try to fight any ticket you get. Even if you have a perfect record at the moment you never know what may happen in the next month or year or even three years that could become an issue.  While some could potentially get away with not fighting a ticket like this we’d never say that pleading guilty is the ideal way to deal with a fail to yield to pedestrian summons.

The pedestrian jumped out suddenly into the road. Do I have a case?

Yes, you do in theory.  Just don’t forget that if you were issued a ticket for failure to yield then you likely have an officer willing to testify that this was your fault and that the pedestrian did not jump out like that.  Don’t fall into the trap of considering it all an “easy” win.

What happens if I ignore my failure to yield to a pedestrian traffic ticket?

Failing to respond to and stay timely with a fail to yield to pedestrian ticket will eventually lead to a suspension of driving privileges.  Ignoring tickets only ends up costing more money in late fees and in some cases, you could end up losing the chance to contest the summons altogether.  




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